“So my poor wife rose by five o’clock in the morning, before day, and went to market and bought fowls and many other things for dinner, with which I was highly pleased,” wrote Samuel Pepys on January 13, 1667. They were eight. “I had for them, after oysters, at first course, a hash of rabbits, a lamb and a rare chine of beef. Next a great dish of roasted fowl, cost me about 30 shillings, and a tart, and then fruit and cheese. My dinner was noble and enough.” My husband said he liked the sound of this and asked if I might manage something similar out of doors, for six, duly distanced. I noticed he had doodled in the margin of his Times #rabbits.
Hash sign shares an origin with rabbit hash, both being related to the French hacher, “cut in pieces.” The French for “ax” is hache. Also related is hatch, to make lines that artists such as Michael Heath use for shading. From hatch derive hash sign and hashtag.
Yet French language authorities have taken against hashtag. The Commission d’enrichissement de la langue française (Celf, the unarmed wing of the Académie française) has denounced hashtag, insisting the French must use mot-dièse.
One trouble is that dièse means “sharp” in music. (Dièse comes from the Greek musical term diesis. To complicate things, diesis in English has been used by printers for the double dagger ‡.) So Celf must be in a state of undeclared war with the Oxford English Dictionary, which declares of hash #: “The symbol is sometimes identified (erroneously) with the sign denoting a sharp note in musical notation.” (The Unicode formula for a hash mark is U+0023, and the sharp is designated U+266F.)
The hash has grown in importance since 2007 when Twitter introduced the hashtag — a hash followed by a word about which tweeters want to encourage a conversation (#KillerMike or #HorseRacing).
The hash is also (rarely) called an octothorp, a name coined by Bell telephone people in the 1960s when the hash and asterisk were introduced on telephone keypads. The name already seems obsolescent, like mot-dièse, which my online French dictionary calls “nom officiel non-utilisé.”
This article was originally published in The Spectator’s February 2022 World edition.